Enquire Now! or call 1800NOZZLE

Choosing the correct nozzle for fire fighting systems

Home / Choosing the correct nozzle for fire fighting systems
11/02/2020 2:25:00 PM

When deciding what fire protection nozzles to be used for road tunnels and other fixed suppression installations in marine, offshore and in the petroleum field, it’s important to consider factors such as the flow rate, the kind of fire, type of fluid either if its foam, vapour or water, the environment that it’s in, and if someone has control of the flow or if it’s predetermined.

There are five major categories of nozzles for fire protection: 

  • Solid stream
  • Fixed or single flow rate nozzle: This the most simple form of fire nozzle. It provides flow at a predetermined rate that cannot be altered while in use.
  • Variable or adjustable flow rate nozzle: This nozzle allows the operator to manually select a desired gallonage while in use.
  • Automatic or constant pressure nozzle: Designed to maintain a relatively constant pressure over a wide range of flows.
  • Multi-purpose nozzle: This is a mix of solid hollow cone and fog nozzle, providing maximum reach and heat absorption. This industrial nozzle can be well suited for multiple applications including indoors, outdoors, high-rise, Compressed Air Foam System (CAFS), cooling and ventilation.

Australian and New Zealand manufacturers offer hundreds of models and type of industrial nozzles for fire protection. There are even customised nozzles that are tailored to effectively perform essential functions including controlling the flow of water or foam, giving reach to get to the fire from a safe distance, and shaping the flow for maximum effectiveness.

But how to choose the right industrial nozzle for a specific application? Spray Nozzle Engineering, a leader supplier of BETE nozzles for the Australasia fire protection industry, has put together a selection of the best high-performance nozzles for fire suppression:


Fire suppression Nozzles

Design Features


AFF - FM - Approved Flat Fan Fire Protection and (Extra) Wide Angle


  • One-piece construction
  • Clog-resistant
  • Durable
  • Male connection
  • All 1/2” AFF NPT nozzles require a main line strainer designed to entrap material 1/8” and larger.
  • All AFF nozzles are Factory Mutual approved

It can be employed in water wall applications where water is used as a barrier to provide a protective shield against radiant heat, harmful gases and flames, and in water deluge applications for surface or equipment protection when relying on rundown.

CW Nozzles - Full cone and hollow cone


  • Standard three-piece construction
  • Optional 50- or 100-mesh strainer (please refer to the Accessories PDF for more information)
  • Protective cover available
  • Male and female connections
  • Interchangeable spray tips

N series


  • M Approved, UL Listed, Lloyd's Register
  • U.S. Coast Guard Approval for N3-N5 ratings (90° and 120°)
  • Clog resistant, one piece design
  • Suitable for use in NFPA 15 compliant systems
  • Designed for industrial environments
  • Available with blow-off covers to prevent build-up and clogging in open orifices and piping while not in use

N series spiral nozzles are ideal for many road tunnel Fixed Fire-Fighting Systems (FFFS). The N spiral nozzles were put into real test in the 2007 Burnley tunnel fire in Melbourne, Australia. The N spiral nozzles contributed to minimal infrastructure damage and the rapid reopening of the tunnel.

TF series


  • Specific models are FM Approved
  • Thirty percent finer atomisation than an equivalent whirl nozzle

BETE's original spiral full cone design has been proven to provide an ideal spray pattern for outdoor fire protection by providing a mix of coarser droplets ideal for drift resistance encapsulating and projecting smaller droplets ideal for cooling and suppression to the target area



  • Easily handles liquids with a high solids concentration
  • High reliability spray performance under the most difficult conditions

BETE's unique, clog resistant S-vane design gives the MaxiPass the largest free passage available for a given flow rate, making it resistant to clogging, efficient, and reliable

BETE offers a variety of industrial nozzles for open-type deluge, water walls, and water mist fire protection systems. They are proven to work in the most demanding environments and are trusted to protect offshore drilling and production platforms, petroleum storage and transfer stations, LNG tanks, refineries, and other valuable industrial complexes and equipment. 

Many of BETE’s wide range of fire protection nozzles are tested and approved by rigorous third party systems, such as Factory Mutual (FM), Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Lloyd's Register, and the U.S. Coast Guard to ensure they are manufactured and perform to the highest standards.

Spray Nozzle Engineering also supplies a large range of water monitors and cannons as well as patented vehicle fire protection nozzles such as the BM nozzles, designed to provide consistent spray distribution and fire suppression performance. 

Are you unsure of what nozzle or solution to use  for a certain type of application? Our expert engineers can help you choose


Industrial Spray Nozzles